Ecological Risk Assessments (ERA) are performed to evaluate the likelihood of adverse ecological effects occurring as a result of exposure to physical or chemical stressors. These stressors are defined as any biological, physical, or chemical factor that causes adverse responses in the environment. An ERA evaluates any potential harm that human activities have on living organisms within ecosystems. Within the framework of an Ecological Risk Assessment, scientific information is developed, organized, and presented so that it is relevant to environmental decisions.
When are Ecological Risk Assessments Conducted?
Ecological Risk Assessments are most often performed during the Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) phase of the Superfund response process. These risk assessments provide information regarding the interaction of stressors with the biological community at a site.
During the ERA process, scientists develop exposure profiles to identify ecological receptors, such as tissues, organisms, populations, communities, and ecosystems. This receptor information is incorporated with available habitat and exposure pathways. The sources and distribution of stressors in the environment also are characterized.
The framework for an ERA consists of three phases (problem formulation, analysis, and risk characterization). The analysis consists of characterizing both the exposure and the effects on the environment. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) outlines the following eight steps as part of the ERA process:
- Screening Level – Problem Formulation and Ecological Effects Evaluation
- Screening Level – Preliminary Exposure Estimate and Risk Calculations
- Problem Formulation
- Study Design and Data Quality Objective Process
- Verification of Field Sampling Design
- Site Investigation and Data Analysis
- Risk Characterization
- Risk Management
- ERAs enable decision-makers to make better-informed decisions about the management of ecological resources.
EnviroScience staff has the experience, personnel, and equipment to complete ERA’s from the Screening Level phase through the Risk Management. Many times, baseline information is collected during the emergency response to an incident and supplemented with information from the site investigation. Our emphasis on ecological monitoring in both aquatic and terrestrial settings allows us to complete these projects in-house for our clients.
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Few environmental firms in the country retain EnviroScience’s degree of scientific know-how, talent, and capability under one roof. The diverse backgrounds of our biologists, environmental engineers, scientists, and divers enable us to provide comprehensive in-house services and an integrated approach to solving environmental challenges—saving clients time, reducing costs, and ensuring high-quality results.
Our client guarantee is to provide “Excellence in Any Environment,” meaning no matter what we do, we will deliver on our Core Values of respect, client advocacy, quality work, accountability, teamwork, and safety. EnviroScience was created with the concept that we could solve complex problems by empowering great people. This concept still holds true today as our scientists explore the latest environmental legislation and regulations and incorporate the most up-to-date technology to gather and report data.
EnviroScience expertise includes but is not limited to: aquatic surveys (including macroinvertebrate surveys and biological assessments); ecological restoration; ecological services (including impact assessments, invasive species control, and water quality monitoring); emergency response; engineering and compliance services; endangered mussel surveys; laboratory and analysis; stormwater management; threatened and endangered species; and wetlands and streams (including delineation and mitigation). Further, EnviroScience is one of the few biological firms in the country that is a general member of the Association of Diving Contractors International (ADCI) and offers full-service commercial diving services.